Critical-care medicine is a relatively new but increasingly important medical specialty which involves many areas including pulmonary medicine, cardiology, infectious disease, and nephrology.
American & European specialist veterinary critical care societies exist to improve the knowledge of this discipline in pets - some of the areas they suggest require this kind of care are listed below.
- Trauma patients, including those hit by cars, bite, bullet, knife or burn injuries
- Any animal that is having trouble breathing
- Animals that need a blood transfusion
- Any patient that is in shock (signs of shock can include weakness, pale mucous membranes in their mouth, cold extremities, and an abnormal heart rate)
- Animals that are having trouble urinating, or are not producing urine
- Dogs and cats that need specialized nutritional support because they are unwilling or unable to eat on their own
- Animals in which an abnormal heart rhythm is causing problems
- Animals with life-threatening neurologic disease such as coma or severe seizures that are not responding to medications
- Patients that have had surgery and are not recovering well from anaesthesia or are having trouble in the first few post-operative days
In our hospital the term relates mainly to pets who have suffered trauma related to a car accident or a fight, those with heart and breathing problems, or sometime related to serious infectious diseases.
We are proud of our ICU facilities here at Wood Street Vet Hospital. ICU care is a growing field in Veterinary medicine and we believe that our clients are best served by providing our own emergency service rather than sending our clients to another practice.
As a Veterinary Hospital we have a vet on call and at least one nurse on the premises 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year. Whilst a major commitment, we believe this is necessary to ensure the best possible care for our patients.